Elizabeth Archie Professor

Behavioral ecology and disease ecology
Elizabeth Archie

Research Interests:

Research in the Archie lab focuses on the evolution of social behavior in animals. We’re especially interested in two questions: how do social organization and behavior affect the spread of parasites and microbes within and between social groups? And how do social relationships influence individual health, disease risk, immune function, and survival? These strands span several levels of biological organization, from populations to whole organisms, and their associated microbes and parasites. We work with long-term, population-based studies of wild and highly social mammals— especially the wild baboons that live in the Amboseli Ecosystem, Kenya. We use diverse research techniques, ranging from behavioral observations of wild animals to immunology and noninvasive genetic tools. Our findings are relevant to species conservation, the evolution of animal social relationships, as well as human and animal wellbeing.



  • Professor, University of Notre Dame, IN 2021-Present
  • Associate Professor, University of Notre Dame, IN 2015-2021
  • Clare Boothe Luce Assistant Professor, University of Notre Dame, IN 2009-2015
  • Assistant Professor, Biology Department, Fordham University, NY 2008-2009
  • Postdoctoral Associate, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 2007-2008
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Smithsonian National Zoo, Washington, DC 2005-2007
  • Ph.D. Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 2005
  • B.A. Biology, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, ME 1997


Selected Recent Papers:

  • Grieneisen L., Dasari M., Gould T.J., Björk J.R., Grenier J., Yotova V., Jansen D., Gottel N., Gordon J.B., Learn N.H., Gesquiere L.R., Wango T.L., Mututua R.S., Warutere J.K., Siodi L., Gilbert J.A., Barreiro L.B., Alberts S.C., Tung* J., Archie* E.A., Blekhman* R. (2021). Gut microbiome heritability is nearly universal but environmentally contingent. Science. 373:181-186.  *equal contribution
  • Weibel, C.J., Tung, J. Alberts, S.C., Archie, E.A. (2020). Accelerated reproduction is not an adaptive response to early-life adversity in wild baboons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
  • Rosenbaum, S.R., Zeng, S., Campos, F.A., Gesquiere, L., Altmann, J., Alberts, S.C., Li, F. Archie, E.A. (2020). Social bonds do not mediate the relationship between early adversity and adult glucocorticoids in wild baboons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 117: 20052–20062
  • Levy*, E.J., Zipple*, M.N. McLean, E., Campos, F.A., Dasarig, M., Fogel, A.S., Franz, M. Gesquiere, L.R., Gordon, J.B., Grieneisen, L. Habig, B., Jansen, D.J., Learn, N.H., Weibel, C.J., Altmann, J., Alberts*, S.C., Archie*, E.A. (2020). A comparison of dominance rank metrics reveals multiple competitive landscapes in an animal society. Proceedings of the Royal Society. Proceedings of the Royal Society. * equal contribution
  • Grieneisen, L.E., Charpentier, M.J.E., Alberts, S.C., Blekhman, R., Bradburd, G., Tung, J., Archie, E.A. (2019). Genes, geology and germs: gut microbiota across a primate hybrid zone are explained by site soil properties, not host species. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 286: 20190431.
  • Akinyi M.Y., Jansen, D., Habig, B., Gesquiere L.R., Alberts, S.C. Archie, E.A. (2019). Costs and drivers of helminth parasite infection in wild female baboons. Journal of Animal Ecology. 88: 1029-1043.
  • Björk J.B., Díez-Vives C., Astudillo-García C. Archie* E.A., Montoya* J.M. (2019). Vertical transmission of sponge microbiota is inconsistent and unfaithful. Nature Ecology and Evolution. 3: 1172-1183. *equal contribution
  • Habig, B., Doellman, M.M., Woods, K., Olansen, J., Archie, E.A. (2018). Social status and parasitism in male and female vertebrates: a meta-analysis. Scientific Reports. 8: 3629.